19. Januar 2023: Chinas Entwicklungsprojekte im Globalen Süden:Wirtschaftliche und politische Konsequenzen
Prof. Dr. Andreas Fuchs, Universität Göttingen & Kiel Institut für Wirtschaft
Chinas Entwicklungsprojekte in aller Welt gewinnen rasant an Bedeutung. Viele Beobachter sehen in dieser Entwicklung eine Bedrohung für die bisher von den USA, Europa und Japan dominierte internationale Entwicklungsfinanzierung. Andere loben Peking für die großen Entwicklungschancen, die sich ergeben haben. Dieser Vortrag gibt einen Überblick über aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse zu den internationalen Entwicklungsprojekten Chinas, die in dem bei Cambridge University Press im Mai 2022 erschienenen Buch „Banking on Beijing“ zusammengefasst wurden. Wir werden den folgenden Fragen nachgehen: Was bestimmt den Umfang der chinesischen Entwicklungshilfe und anderer staatlicher Infrastrukturprojekte? In welchen Ländern, Provinzen und Sektoren ist China besonders aktiv und warum? Welche Auswirkungen haben die Entwicklungsaktivitäten Pekings auf Wachstum, gute Regierungsführung, Konflikte und andere Entwicklungsindikatoren in den Empfängerländern? Welchen geopolitischen Herausforderungen entstehen für Europa hierbei?
15. November 2022: Chinas Umweltautoritarismus als globales Modell? Chancen und Herausforderungen
Dr.in Maria Bondes, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Angesichts der globalen Umweltkrise und des Versagens der führenden demokratischen Staaten, das Klimaproblem effektiv anzugehen, wird viel darüber diskutiert, ob autoritäre Governance-Modelle –sogenannter „Umweltautoritarismus“ – geeigneter sein könnten, die ökologische Krise unserer Zeit rechtzeitig in den Griff zu bekommen. Als Teil ihrer neuen selbstbewussten Außenpolitik propagiert Chinas Regierung unter Xi Jinping Chinas Top-down Umwelt-Governance-System und seine Vision einer „ökologischen Zivilisation“ als globales Modell für eine nachhaltigere Zukunft unseres Planeten. Das Land präsentiert sich dabei auf internationaler Bühne als Vorreiter einer globalen Umwelt- und Klima-Governance. Gleichzeitig hat China im Inland mit einer massiven Umweltkrise zu kämpfen, die die Legitimität der herrschenden Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh) bedroht und von manchen Beobachtern als „Achillessehne des modernen Chinas“ gesehen wird. Hier verweist die chinesische Führung auf große Erfolge im Kampf gegen Luftverschmutzung, Fortschritte in der nationalen Klima- und Energiepolitik und Chinas weltweit führende Rolle im Bereich der erneuerbaren Energien. Der Vortrag wirft einen kritischen Blick auf Chinas internationale Ambitionen und nationale Erfolge im Umweltbereich und beleuchtet die Stärken und Schwächen von Chinas Top-Down Umwelt-Governance System. Auf dieser Basis wird diskutiert, inwieweit Chinas „Umweltautoritarismus“ ein globales Modell sein könnte, um die ökologische Krise unserer Zeit anzugehen.
16th November 2022: Constructing ‘self’ and ‘other’ in the micropolitics of housework: Sri Lankan migrant domestic workers in Saudi Arabia
(In collaboration with the Department of Sociology and Human Geography)
Dr. Wasana Handapangoda, Johannes Kepler University (JKU) Linz
In a workplace simultaneously characterised by a high degree of ‘personalism and asymmetry’ (in Evelyn Nakano Glenn’s terms, 1984), live-in migrant domestic work provides an ideal instance of private home as a site of political struggle embedded in the dynamics of contemporary global capitalism. Combining structural analysis of domestic labour, neoliberal globalisation and boundary-work as theoretical frameworks, this lecture gives insights into the making of ‘self’ and ‘other’ in the micropolitics of employing Sri Lankan migrant domestic workers in Saudi households. The lecture is based on some of the findings of my fieldwork in Saudi Arabia carried out in 2020. Both the employers and workers used everyday rituals, rules and behaviour regulations of paid domestic labour to distinguish between ‘self’ and ‘other’ categories and construct spatial territories in the not so private world of the Saudi private household. This included the everyday politics of space, mobility and communication, food, clothing/dress, gifting and religious beliefs, over which the boundaries ‒ physical, social bodily, symbolic ‒ were constructed, contested and negotiated. The boundaries were policed and protected, nevertheless they were movable and crossable. In doing micropolitics of housework, both the employers and workers simultaneously intensified and downplayed the structural divides that separated and connected them in the complex organisation of domestic work.
15th March 2023: „UNLOCKING POTENTIAL: A COMPARISON OF LABOUR MARKET INTEGRATION OF SKILLED MIGRANTS IN SOUTH KOREA AND JAPAN“
Dr. Aimi MURANAKA (Institute of East Asian Studies, University of Duisburg-Essen), Dr. Joohyun Justine PARK (Goethe University of Frankfurt
How to attract and retain foreign skilled professionals is a crucial question for governments and businesses around the world. However, the literature on the international migration still largely focuses on “Western” traditional immigration countries, – the U.S., Canada, the UK and Australia-, while studies on skilled migration in Asia are limited. This on-going comparative study centres on “emerging migration countries” in East Asian economies, namely South Korea and Japan. Based on a comparison of skilled visa policies and interview data, this study explores the challenges faced by foreign skilled professionals in their pursuit of labour market integration in these countries. Both countries are facing accelerated labour shortages due to their low fertility rate and aging populations, leading both governments to actively seek foreign talents. Nevertheless, despite strong efforts from the governments, the findings of this comparative study suggest that skilled migrants experience legal and structural barriers to enter the labour market and to purse upward career mobility. Even if they secure a job post, they are under precarious employment conditions and/or they cannot necessarily make use of their “skills”. The findings from the two research projects hint similar but slightly different labour market integration outcomes of foreign professionals in two countries. Despite the efforts made by both governments, the comparative study suggests that there is still a significant gap in successfully retaining these skilled migrants.
5. Mai 2023: „Der chinesische Archäologie-‘Oscar’: Die ‘Zehn Großen Jahresentdeckungen’ zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik“
Univ.-Prof.in Dr.in Maria KHAYUTINA (Institut für Sinologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
Bereits seit einhundert Jahren dient die moderne Archäologie als wichtiges Bindemittel für das chinesische historische Nationalnarrativ. Forschungsergebnisse wurden der Bevölkerung traditionell in aufbereiteter Form durch Schulbücher, Museen und ggf. Zeitungen vermittelt. Seit Beginn des 21. Jh. bemüht sich der Staat, das öffentliche Interesse an der Archäologie mithilfe neuer Darreichungsformen der Materie wachzuhalten. Für großes Aufsehen sorgt dabei die jährliche Preisverleihung für die zehn wichtigsten archäologischen Grabungen des vorangegangenen Jahres. Obwohl es sich dabei häufig um spektakuläre Funde handelt, werden nur wenige von ihnen – wie etwa die Opfergruben mit Bronzefiguren und Goldmasken in Sanxingdui im Jahr 2021 – im Westen wahrgenommen. Dieser Vortrag informiert über politische Hintergründe, wissenschaftliche Bedeutung, öffentliche Resonanz sowie wirtschaftliche Auswirkung des chinesischen Archäologie-„Oscars“ und stellt drei herausragende Preisträger aus den letzten fünf Jahren vor.
22. Juni 2023: „THAILAND AS A SECOND HOME FOR RETIREES“ Documentary Screening and Discussion“
Prof.in Dr.in Sirijit SUNANTA (Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia Mahidol University, Thailand)
This documentary is an episode in the documentary series „Some One“ that explores contemporary diversity in Thai society. Thailand has been a destination for international retirement migration. The Thai government promotes long-stay tourism and the transnational retirement industry as a strategy for economic development. Foreign retirees constitute a new group of population in Thailand, a middle-income country that is facing rapid population ageing. Link to the documentary https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SrRLwrQq0c&t=47s
Sirijit Sunanta is associate professor in the PhD Program in Multicultural Studies, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia, Mahidol University, Thailand. Her research interests include gender and migration, globalization and food cultures, and the politics of diversity in Thailand. The geographical focus of her research is transnational mobilities between Europe and Thailand. She has published widely in leading journals in the areas of Asian Studies, Migration Studies, Gender Studies and Tourism Studies. Sirijit’s current research projects focus on care transnationalization, old age care and migration, and gendered labour in the Thai tourism industry.
23. Juni 2023: „Collaborative German-Austr(al)ian Materials Science on Extracellular Matrices of Plants“
Dr.in Michaela EDER (Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung, Potsdam)
Australia is blessed by an extremely old ecosystem and a large biodiversity, especially in areas with extreme conditions caused by regularly occurring fires. To adjust to such environmental conditions plants have evolved various strategies. A particularly spectactular example is the seed storage and protection mechanism of the iconic Australian plant genus Banksia. Banksias can keep their seed on the plant for many years, building up a canopy stored seed bank. The delicate embryos are well protected in seed pods, consisting of dead yet functional tissues. Foci of our research were the protection of the seeds during storage and fire exposure of the cones and their 2-step opening mechanism, which depends on a climatic gradient and requires location-dependent temperatures between 55 – 72°C for initial opening and subsequent exposure to water for seed release. On the example of our research on these fascinating structures I will also talk about our collaboration with Austria and Australia and about the Max Planck Queensland Center for the Materials Science of Extracellular Matrices which started in April 2022 and its impacts on our research.
- from 09/2011: Research group leader at the Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Biomaterials, Potsdam, Germany
- 10/2007 – 09/2011: Post-doc at the Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Biomaterials, Potsdam, Germany
- 09/2004 – 09/2007: PhD student at the Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Biomaterials, Potsdam, Germany
- 07/2003 – 08/2004: research assistant at the Institute of Meteorology and Physics (since 01/2004 Department of Material Sciences and Process Engineering)
- 03/2003 – 06/2003: research fellowship at the Institute of Meteorology and Physics
- from 2002 – 2003 tutor at the Institute of Meteorology and Physics
- since 01/2019 involved in the Excellence Cluster „Matters of Activity“
- 01/2015 – 12/2018 Associated Member in the Excellence Cluster „Image-Knowledge-Gestaltung“
- 11/2008 – 10/2012: leader of working group 2 “(Hygro)-mechanical behaviour of wood”, COST Action FP0802 – Experimental and Computational Micro-Characterization Techniques in Wood Mechanics
3. November 2023: „Mapping Peking 1688 – 1914: a Czech Jesuit and a Russian Priest, Chinese Painters and German Soldiers, the Interweaving of City Plans“
Prof. ZHENG Cheng (Chinese Academy of Social Science)
Before the detailed surveyed map finally established a „standard“ representation of old Peking in the beginning of the 20th century, various city plans of Peking had been produced and published in European languages since the late 17th century. Intelligence gathering, commercial competition, academic pursuit or sheer curiosity drove missionaries, envoys, soldiers, and merchants engaged in making new maps. The development of European plans and Chinese maps were interwoven and closely related to the modernization process of China. Therefore, the evolution of plans of Peking is not only a history of competition in intellectual and military domains, but also a history of cultural exchange. It serves a case study in the broader context of global history.
ZHENG Cheng 郑诚 received his doctoral degree and became a researcher of the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2012. His main research field is the history of science and technology in Ming-Qing period. His publications include Gunpowder Weaponry and Warfare in Ming-Qing China (2022), An Illustrated History of Gunpowder Weapons in China (2020), critical editions of a selection of Chinese treatises on European military technology during the Ming-Qing transition (2019), and Ryu Seong-ryong’s memoir of Imjin war Jingbirok (2019). For more information on Prof. Zheng please click here.
24. November 2023: “‘妈妈, I Miss You’: Emotional Multilingual Practices in Transnational Families“
Univ.-Prof.in Dr.in Xiao Lan CURDT-CHRISTIANSEN (University of Bath, UK)
This study is situated in the context of the UK, in which transnational families often engage in multilingual practices with their family members near and far via digital devices or face-to-face interactions. Involving six families from two transnational communities, the Chinese and the Polish, the study focuses on emotionally related language practices. Data sources include recordings of mealtime conversations, daily WhatsApp/WeChat texts, and digital mediated family talk. Using affective repertoire as analytical framework, the study investigates linguistic features and situated language use of home language(s) in emotional negotiations between family members. In addition, it explores how multimodalities and languages are mixed to contribute to the interactional dynamics underlying ‘family talk’ and how children and adults position themselves emotionally in moment-by-moment discourse of family life.
Findings include five linguistic and non-linguistic features in emotional expression: emojis, term of endearment, diminutive, direct declaration of love, and situated emotive language use. The findings contribute to FLP literature by looking into how emotions are involved in the practices of family life and the construction of familyness. Emotions, as a key factor in FLP, are directly related to parents’ perceptions of and investment in their heritage language. Although these perceptions are linked to the powerful societal languages that often represent educational possibilities, when it comes to emotional expressions, the primacy is given to the first language/heritage language.
Xiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the Department of Education, University of Bath, UK. She is Director of the Centre for Research in Education in Asia and Cluster Leader in Language, Education and Practice. Her research interests encompass ideological, sociocultural-cognitive and policy perspectives on children’s multilingual education and biliteracy development. As an active researcher, she has examined bi/multilingual community-home-school contexts in the UK, Canada, France, China and Singapore on topics of curriculum policy, language-in-educational policy and family language policy. Her most recent research project is entitled Family Language Policy: A Multi-Level Investigation of Multilingual Practices in Transnational Families, funded by The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). She has published widely in the field of applied linguistics. Her publications have appeared in leading academic journals, such as Language Policy; International Journal of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education; Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development; Language and Education; and Language, Culture and Curriculum, etc.
15. Dezember 2023: “Establishing Transdisciplinary Research and Teaching in Asian Studies: the Foundational Role of Languages and Linguistics”
Univ.-Prof.in Dr.in Lorna CARSON (Trinity College Dublin, Irland)
This talk argues for the foundational role of languages and linguistics in the establishment of transdisciplinary research and teaching in Asian Studies. Drawing on our experience at Trinity College Dublin and the launch of the Trinity Centre for Asian Studies in Ireland just under a decade ago, I will reflect on key elements that shaped our university’s decision-making process, including our partnerships and our disciplinary expertise. I will examine how the model we followed placed the study of language & culture and theoretical & applied linguistics at the centre of our activities. I will share some key research axes which underpin our centre’s teaching and public outreach activities, examining in particular some of the interesting (and, perhaps, surprising!) applications of primary research in languages and linguistics. Finally, I will reflect on some of the challenges we have faced in our efforts to maintain a focus on languages and linguistics in our Chinese, Korean and Japanese programmes as well as in our future plans.
Lorna Carson is Head of the School of Linguistic, Speech and Communication Sciences and Professor in Applied Linguistics. She holds a B.A. (Mod.), M.Phil. in Applied Linguistics and Ph.D. from Trinity College Dublin, and an M.A. in European Studies (Human Resource Management) from the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium. In 2015 she was elected a Fellow of Trinity College Dublin. She was the Founding Director of the Trinity Centre for Asian Studies, a multidisciplinary teaching and research centre which brings together the university’s expertise in Japanese, Korean and Chinese Studies. She was elected to the University Council in 2021. Professor Carson’s research on language learning addresses issues located at the interface between individual and societal multilingualism, with a particular attention on the language classroom, with a focus on language learning, language education policy and assessment. Her books include „Language and Identity in Europe: The Multilingual City and its Citizens“ (2020, Peter Lang), „The Multilingual City: Vitality, Conflict and Change“, co-edited with Lid King (2016, Multilingual Matters); „Language Learner Autonomy: Policy, Curriculum, Classroom“, co-edited with Breffni O’Rourke (2010, Peter Lang), and „Multilingualism in Europe: A Case Study“ (2003, 2005, Peter Lang). She is a former President of IRAAL, the Irish Association for Applied Linguistics (2014-2017). She is a member of the Governing Body of Marino Institute of Education, and sits on its Academic Council.